To put it simply, Islamophobia is a form of racism that targets Muslims (or those perceived to be Muslim) and results in the infringement of their human rights. While Muslims are not a race, they have been racialized. This means that society has constructed Muslims as sharing a set of physical and cultural traits that are natural to them. An easy way to understand this racialization is to examine what image comes to mind when you hear the word “Muslim.” More likely than not, the image will be of an individual of brown skin with a long beard, or wearing a headscarf or face veil, or wearing a turban. While none of these things are exclusive to Muslims, they have come to define them in Western imagination.